Confucianism is one of the more predominant Hakka "religions" (really more of a philosophy), ranking second only to Taoism
in terms of sheer influence. For centuries, the Hakka Chinese have used Confucian teaching and values as their foundation
for dealing with relationship issues in everyday life.
The sage Confucius - who believed in neither gods nor the afterlife - lived around 500 BC, and taught
that peace exists where proper submission is practiced. Child to parent … student to teacher … slave to master
… citizen to the state. In fact, this rather mundane teaching might have hit the ranks of obscurity were it not for
subsequent emperors using it to wield greater control over their subjects.
These Confucian values have since trickled down through history
until forming a pool of tradition that affects how Hakkas, even now, respond to authority … especially parents or elder
family members. Many are tightly bound by these cultural expectations of unquestioned submission. Consider the powerful hold
that this view might have on children (of any age) who are seeking a Jesus that their parents would have them deny. Such is
the bondage of Confucianism today.