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Confucianism and Taoism

Facts About Confucianism

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Facts About Confucianism

Confucianism is set down in many texts and books and was introduced to Vietnam by the governors of Vietnam at that time; Hsi Kuang and Jen Yen. It states attitudes towards each relationship in society. Husband-wife, Father-son etc. Mencius is the scholar in Confucianism who states that man is good and must study himself and continue to learn.

A wise man, develops through study; he knows himself, and has his passions under control.

Confucius teaches the man:
4 rules to reach self-development:
•-to develop himself;
•-to keep his family;
•-to rule the country;
•-to bring peace to the world.

Interaction: 3 Types
Between King and citizen;
Between father and son;
Between husband and wife.

5 Cardinal Virtues to become a man of virtue:
• Intelligence
• Honesty.
• Equity
• Urbanity
• Humanity

The woman
3 basic types of alliance;
• to the father until she is married,
• to the husband after she leaves her parents' house,
• to the eldest son when her husband dies.

4 virtues:
• skill with her hands,
• agreeable appearance,
• prudence in speech,
• exemplary conduct.

Under the old custom, a young girl is expected to keep her virginity until she gets married, and to marry only once.

According to the principle of Confucianism there are 5 Concepts of Democracy in Mencius
• the state belongs to everyone;
• the leaders must respect the people's desires: love what the people love, and hate what the people hate.
• First, the people, then, the state, and the king is negligible.
• A scholar ranks highest, followed by the farmer, the artisan and the merchant.



 

 

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