Confucianism is set down in many texts and books and was introduced to Vietnam by the governors of Vietnam at that time;
Hsi Kuang and Jen Yen. It states attitudes towards each relationship in society. Husband-wife, Father-son etc. Mencius is
the scholar in Confucianism who states that man is good and must study himself and continue to learn.
A wise man, develops through study; he knows himself, and has his passions under control.
Confucius teaches the man:
4 rules to reach self-development:
•-to develop himself;
•-to keep his
•-to rule the country;
•-to bring peace to the world.
Interaction: 3 Types
Between King and citizen;
Between father and son;
Between husband and wife.
5 Cardinal Virtues to become a man of virtue:
3 basic types of alliance;
• to the father until she is married,
• to the husband after
she leaves her parents' house,
• to the eldest son when her husband dies.
• skill with her hands,
• agreeable appearance,
• prudence in speech,
Under the old custom, a young girl is expected to keep her virginity until she gets married, and to marry only once.
According to the principle of Confucianism there are 5 Concepts of Democracy in Mencius
• the state belongs to
• the leaders must respect the people's desires: love what the people love, and hate what the people hate.
• First, the people, then, the state, and the king is negligible.
• A scholar ranks highest, followed
by the farmer, the artisan and the merchant.